Resman says hi.

Android version distribution history

Below are a few interesting graphs automatically generated from data collected from Google's Android Dashboards. They provide some insight into the dynamics and evolution of the various Android versions that there are, and may help predict future trends.

Distribution history

The following stacked chart show the history of the relative distribution among Android versions over time. The more recent versions are at the top. At some dates the top of the chart does not exactly reach 100%, this is because Google publishes only statistics for versions that have a 0.1% or greater share, and this small amount is sometimes visible. The data is gathered by Google based on devices accessing the Market / Play Store over a 1 to 2 weeks period prior to the publication date. Hover on the chart to get the exact published percentages at a certain date.

Share by major version

This graph shows the same data but that time the lines are not stacked and the share is summed by major version codename. This makes it easier to see individual variations. It is apparent here that the major versions follow long, relatively similar lifecycle starting with a slow growth in the first few month, then ramping up strongly and climbing for about a year to reach a peak, at which point the next major version is introduced and the share starts to decline slowly. In that light Gingerbread does not seem like an outlier and Jellybean will probably enjoy a similar long slowing down before it is superseded by KitKat.

Adoption rate

This chart is a bit different and shows how quickly the different Android version gained support from the point they were released. It is assumed that any device that supports a given version is also retro-compatible with all versions before that. The horizontal axis is the time in months since release, which is assumed to be the date it first appeared in the statistics.

For clarity versions before Froyo are omitted from this graph and it is truncated to a 3-year period.


Comment left by Chris Camp on 2020-07-07 01:23:14 :
Would love to see the data on Android Kit-Kat as is pertains to the previous iterations.

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Comment left by Chris Camp on 2020-07-07 01:19:40 :
Would love to see the data on Android Kit-Kat as is pertains to the previous iterations.

Chris (
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In the end, the distribution numbers tell the key story.
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Comment left anonymously on 2020-04-20 04:23:47 :
New distributions can be found in Android Studio now.
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Comment left by Jeff on 2019-11-28 01:16:03 :
This is a very useful site!

I found the description of "Adoption Rate" chart to be a bit confusing. As an app developer I would replace the "retro-compatible" sentence with "It shows the percentage of Android devices that are at or above that OS version, x number of months after the OS was first released." As an app developer considering SDK version targets, I'd also love to see that chart go to maybe 6 or years (if it would still be readable). But I greatly appreciate you exposing the raw data for download via one of your comment replies so I can check that part myself. Again, kudos and thank you for this site!
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Comment left by jay on 2019-06-14 00:53:14 :
Is the historical data available somewhere or have you been manually collecting it?
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Comment left by Rémi on 2019-05-08 11:37:51 :
New data for android distribution history are available on Google Dashboard since yesterday. They've probably changed the format of their data...

Thanks for updating your service if you have some time :-)
Reply from the author :
The dashboard format indeed changed again. I've adapted the data scrapping script, it's up to date now.
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Comment left by Himanshu on 2019-01-31 10:49:44 :
this is very detailed information. thanks for sharing this and keeping it up to date. Do you have something similar for iOS as well? I`m looking to find out at what point in history did each iOS version hit a 2-5% mark in terms of penetration.
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If you look at the android charts then you really like the changes that have been made in the android. Due to the increasing public demand, you may notice the changes that Android is making to the OS they are releasing. You can check to know more about how you can use the routers in your android devices.
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Comment left by Funny on 2018-11-04 16:12:48 :
Thanks for sharing!My data visualization video uses your data.
Comment left by a visitor who asked not to be named on 2018-11-04 09:02:43 :
so,where is Android pie?
Comment left by nbe42 on 2018-08-24 10:44:27 :
Great tool ! Thank you very much :-)
Any idea why Google is not publishing distribution updates on a regular basis as before ?
Comment left by Mr. Human on 2018-07-26 12:51:22 :
Hi, could you update the graph?
Reply from the author :
It's updating again.
Comment left by Colin on 2018-06-25 22:00:31 :
I think Google changed their format, I am not sure your script is able to compensate for it
Reply from the author :
Thanks, I updated the script to handle the new format. However Google seems to update the dashboard much less regularly these days.
Comment left by Alex on 2018-06-13 13:44:25 :
Hi. No updates since may.
Comment left by Daniel Thomas (drt24) on 2017-11-14 16:29:16 :
You said you didn't have an authoritative computer parsable source of release dates. I have such data up until the end of 2015 here: though that is for OS rather than API versions and so you might also want:
Thank you for the raw data. It filled in 3 of the gaps I had in my data on:
Comment left by Dieter on 2017-09-13 15:24:37 :
Do you grab the data manually or automatically? If automatically, how do you do it? Please, reveal the magic! :D
Comment left by Stefan (Austrian Fairphoners) on 2017-07-05 11:51:00 :
Developers shouldn't care for Play services versions, but rather bother to implement FLOSS alternatives. As the previous commenter says, not everyone updates (wants to update) Play service. Some people, like me, even opt to never install Google Play services in the first place.
Comment left anonymously on 2017-05-08 17:50:14 :
Another nice graph would be the highest available Google Play service on devices. If we assume everyone has auto-update enabled, we can assume the latest published version, but if they disable auto-update they could be on a much older version. No clue how/where to acquire data to monitor this adoption rate, but as a developer it would be nice to know what percent of users are not on the latest Google Play service version and what the percent distribution is per Google Play service version.
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Comment left by Clem on 2016-11-23 15:46:21 :
"Reply from the author : I would like to but I don't know an authoritative, reliable, computer-parseable source of this information."
Comment left by max on 2016-10-25 21:18:45 :
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Comment left by tschlief on 2016-10-17 15:37:24 :
Great visualization. Dist. History really shows how the fragmentation have increased over the years.
Comment left by tschlief on 2016-10-17 15:37:11 :
Great visualization. Dist. History really shows how the fragmentation have increased over the years.
Comment left by Yoann on 2016-09-24 23:08:24 :
Amazing data collection and presentation job, thank you !
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Wonderful site! :D
Comment left by Dario on 2016-08-03 11:31:28 :
Man, Marshmallow is pretty bad in terms of adoption....
Comment left by Juan on 2016-07-29 14:50:24 :
Really nice charts, good work. And they are still updated!
Comment left by rahulp on 2015-06-03 19:40:37 :
Ignore my previous comment, I understand now. It shows higher because that includes the 12% of users that have Lollipop because it's presumed they support KitKat as well. Makes sense. Sorry for the dumb question.
Comment left by rahulp on 2015-06-03 19:29:07 :
Why is KitKat shown as just above 50% in the last chart (Adoption Rate), while the Share by Major Version chart shows its peak at about 41%?
Comment left by Fernando on 2015-06-01 21:06:49 :
Would it be possible to have a toggle to change the axis between 100% to number of units?
Reply from the author :
Unfortunately no, Google only publishes distribution percentages.
Comment left by gabriel on 2015-05-05 19:07:22 :
Can you add a version of the last graph that uses the actual release date and not the first appearance on the dashboard as starting point. For the older versions it might be fine, but especially for Lollipop it would make a huge difference. Lollipop is now six months old not 4, so it's rise isn't that much faster.
Reply from the author :
I would like to but I don't know an authoritative, reliable, computer-parseable source of this information.
Comment left by manish mohanta on 2015-03-24 22:41:49 :
Jelly Bean4.1.2
API 16
Comment left by manish mohanta on 2015-03-24 22:39:15 :
Android 4.1.2 to 4.4.4 developed
Comment left by Manish Mohanta on 2015-03-24 22:37:44 :
how toAndroid 4.4.4
Comment left by Manish Mohanta on 2015-03-24 22:37:03 :
how toAndroid 4.3.1 OTA
Comment left by Somon on 2015-03-19 21:14:02 :
Is it possible to get this data in tabular format?
Reply from the author :
The raw data is available here :
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